Wheels for ChangeWhat's Working 

Distinguishing between "the Duluth Model", a Coordinated Community Response (CCR) and a Men's Non-Violence Program


Free Webinar - August 6, 2015 - 2:00 - 3:30pm (CST)

In this webinar, Scott Miller and Melissa Scaia will discuss the difference between:

  • The Duluth Model
  • A Coordinated Community Response (CCR) and
  • Our men's non-violence program (batterer intervention program)


More information and to register




Recently former Baltimore Ravens running back Ray Rice was in the news again when a New Jersey court dismissed the domestic violence charge against him following his completion of a pre-trial intervention program. Also this week, defensive end Ray McDonald was arrested on charges of domestic violence and child endangerment, and subsequently released from his contract with the Chicago Bears. However, McDonald's initial domestic violence arrest in 2014 - while he was playing for the San Francisco 49ers - never resulted in charges filed.


The Atlantic City police and prosecutor's response raised serious questions about how the criminal justice system approaches the crime of domestic violence based on their criminal justice intervention in the Ray Rice case. "The criminal justice system has essentially sent a message that perpetrators of domestic violence will not be held accountable for their crimes. When this happens victims don't feel safe to come forward because they don't trust the system. The effects of the Ray Rice dismissal will be felt by victims across the country," says Melissa Scaia, executive director of DAIP. The cases of Rice and McDonald tell many victims that law enforcement agencies and prosecutors don't treat domestic violence as seriously as other crimes. This message silences and isolates far too many victims. Board Chair of DAIP and former deputy police chief of the city of Duluth John Beyer states, "We owe it to the victims to improve the criminal justice response to these crimes. Police and prosecutors make every effort to ensure victims' safety and to hold offenders accountable to the fullest extent possible in Duluth. 'The Duluth Model' works because it prioritizes victims while holding perpetrators accountable."


The Duluth Model's "Coordinated Community Response (CCR) to Domestic Violence," a partnership between Domestic Abuse Intervention Programs (DAIP), and criminal justice agencies of the City of Duluth and St. Louis County, was named world's best policy for Ending Violence against Women and Girls in 2014 from the UN Women and the World Future Council. In January 2015 Duluth was one of only four cities in the U.S. to create a Blueprint for Safety, a project of the Office on Violence Against Women, U.S. Department of Justice. Learn how to organize a Duluth Model CCR in your community at one of our trainings. The next one is in Duluth September 15-18, 2015.


A community using the Duluth Model approach:

  • Has taken the blame off the victim and placed the accountability for abuse on the offender.
  • Has shared policies and procedures for holding offenders accountable and keeping victims safe across all agencies in the criminal and civil justice systems from 911 to the courts.
  • Prioritizes the voices and experiences of women who experience battering in the creation of those policies and procedures.
  • Believes that battering is a pattern of actions used to intentionally control or dominate an intimate partner and actively works to change societal conditions that support men's use of tactics of power and control over women.
  • Offers change opportunities for offenders through court-ordered educational groups for batterers.
  • Has ongoing discussions between criminal and civil justice agencies, community members and victims to close gaps and improve the community's response to battering.


This approach to tackling violence against women has inspired violence protection law implementation and the creation of batterer intervention programs in the United States and around the world including countries such as Austria, Germany, the United Kingdom, Romania, and Australia.




Duluth Blueprint for Safety

Duluth Blueprint for SafetyOn Thursday, January 29, 2015, the City of Duluth and six criminal justice agencies announced the adoption of a new collective domestic violence policy. The Blueprint for Safety strengthens the city’s Duluth Model coordinated community response to domestic violence cases.


The City of Duluth was selected in 2011 as one of three national sites for the Blueprint for Safety Adaptation Demonstration Initiative, a project of the Office on Violence Against Women, U.S. Department of Justice, in partnership with Praxis International, a national training organization with offices in Duluth and St. Paul. (Other sites are New Orleans, LA, and Shelby County/Memphis, TN). Duluth is the second of the three demonstration sites to adapt the successful St. Paul Blueprint for Safety, developed in Minnesota in 2010.


Get the Duluth Blueprint for Safety




FREE Webinar- "What is the Duluth Model"

Michael Paymar
Michael Paymar
The Domestic Abuse Intervention Project (DAIP) recently received the Gold Future Policy Award from the World Future Council in Geneva for creating and implementing the Duluth Model. This prestigious award celebrates exemplary international laws and policies.


Despite international recognition, the Duluth Model has its critics. Some of the criticism stems from philosophical differences of the principles of a Coordinated Community Response (CCR) and some detractors raise issues about the DAIP's program for offenders. Some people simply don't know what the Duluth Model is.


Michael Paymar, co-founder, will provide a history of the Duluth Model, help sort through some of the confusion and misinformation about the model, lead a discussion on why the Duluth Model is successful, and how it can be adapted to different jurisdictions.


Watch the Webinar Replay




Future Policy Award 2014

"The Duluth Model": Coordinated Community Response (CCR) wins prestigious international prize for best policy worldwide

Out of 25 international nominations, the "Duluth Model" was the only policy to be awarded the 2014 Future Policy Award for Ending Violence against Women and Girls, or Gold Award. The Future Policy Award is the only international award which recognizes policies rather than people, and the "Duluth Model" is the first humanitarian policy to be honored in the history of the award.

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